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  • Incorporated board games, technology, multimedia, and picturebooks into formal curriculums

  • ​Created engaging, fun, and interactive learning experience

Learning through Play in Formal Curriculums: Research


In the deprived areas, many children tend to lose interests in learning due to their disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds. Meanwhile, I identified different learning patterns between diverse students, including children with learning disorder and gifted students.

Learning through Play in Formal Curriculums: Text


I conducted action research to find out how to make learning effective, inclusive, and engaging so children want to learn, and can learn.

Learning through Play in Formal Curriculums: Text

Models for Learning through Play at School


Children can build on their prior experience and connect learning with their life, home, school, and community.

  • Example: Through problem-based learning and project-based learning, children developed interview questions and interviewed local eel farmers about their business threats and opportunities.

Socially Interactive

Children can learn through peer interaction. In a project, children are given personalized tasks and collaborate to work.

  • Example: In mixed-age classrooms, children pair up with different roles according to their abilities and develop their strategies to play games.

  • Learners rely on and support each other, creating a positive learning atmosphere.


Multimedia were incorporated into learning to make learning engaging and interactive. Children were able to make decisions in their learning process and have a sense of agency.

  • Example: Children had coding classes to develop their own projects.

  • Example: Children learned basic concepts of geometry through board games.

  • Example: Children were introduced to learning management systems, such as Epic!, a digital library, to personalize children's daily reading and track progress

Learning through Play in Formal Curriculums: Text
Learning through Play in Formal Curriculums: Image


  • Children's creative skills were reinforced when​ they tried divergent thinking in hands-on projects.

  • Children were inspired to learn and enhanced their cognitive skills through hands-on and diverse experiences.

  • Children's social skills were improved through cooperative learning and scaffolding.

  • Children have hands-on experience with multimedia and were able to use them as learning tools independently.

  • Children's emotional skills, such as learning self-efficacy and enjoyment of learning, and resilient mindsets were enhanced through play and collaborative active learning.

Learning through Play in Formal Curriculums: Text
Learning through Play in Formal Curriculums: Pro Gallery
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